Death-like shadow: וְצַלְמָֽוֶת – tsalmaveth

He setteth an end to darkness, and searcheth out all perfection: the stones of darkness, and the shadow of death.

(Job 28:3) KJV

Mass sinks in time, into stratified layers of sediment: a solid core on fire in the darkness, sunk in the shadow of death.

(Job 28:3) MP Technical Paraphrase

The shadow of death: וְצַלְמָֽוֶת – tsalmaveth [death-like shadow, deep shadow] meaning to roll or tumble down. i.e. sink, sinking in the shadow of death.

Death-like shadow: וְצַלְמָֽוֶת – tsalmaveth

  • Root not used; Arab. to be obscure, dark; Syr. to figure, delineate.
    1. to tingle, of the ears; trop. of the lips, to quiver, Hab. 3:16, Hiph. to tingle, 1 Sa. 3:11.
    2. Kal to roll or tumble down. i.e. sink, Ex. 15:10
    3. Kal to be shaded, dark, Ne. 13:19.
  • Hiph. to shadow, Eze. 31:3.

Davidson Analytical Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon page DCXLV

[and the shadow of death] Death-like shadow: וְצַלְמָֽוֶת – tsalmaveth

Let’s finish up. The last word is another interesting one which connects us to all the meaning that we have built into our narrative. The word is listed under a root meaning to be obscure, dark, with the note that it also occurs under a root which means, among other things, to sink. Gravity again. Means to roll or tumble down. i.e. sink Sinking in the shadow of death.

Hebrew Gravity Concepts

Descendingיֹ֝רְד֗וֹתyoredotProverbs 7:27
He hath establishedמֵכִ֥יןmechinJer. 10:12, 51:152/4
Settethשָׂ֤םsumJob 28:32/5
Setteth fastמֵכִ֥יןmechinPsalms 65:62/4
Thereof fastenedטָבַעtabaJob 38:42/3
They sankוְצַלְמָֽוֶתtsalmavethExodus 15:102/5
To sink, sankיִמַּ֣ךְmakakEc. 10:182/4
Were settledטָבַעtabaProverbs 8:252/3
– A doctrine of gravity is extensively developed in the OT Hebrew.

Job 28:3 Translation

HebrewLiteral TranslationMeaningTransliteration
Gravity as a Process
קֵ֤ץAn endat the end of timeqets
שָׂ֤ם[Man] putsto put, place, setsum
לַחֹ֗שֶׁךְto darknessdarknesschoshek
וּֽלְכָלand everyto hang togetherulekal
ה֣וּאhehe, she, ithi
אֶ֖בֶןfor orea stoneeben
אֹ֣פֶלin the darknessgloom of the underworldophel
וְצַלְמָֽוֶתand the shadow of deathdeath-like shadowtsalmaveth
Job 28:3 Translation
– Hebrew sometimes doesn’t display correctly in WordPress tables, it may be reversed

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