When he prepared the heavens, I was there: when he set a compass upon the face of the depth:(Proverbs 8:27) KJV
They key to understanding the creation of gravity as the creative act of the second day is the synchronicity between “stretching out the heavens” and establishing “the foundations of the Earth.” One command did both.
The depth here referred to is the watery mass of the deep which had just exploded with light and the beginnings of life on the first day. The circle that God metaphorically drew is the firmament, the location of God’s throne. The point of the compass is a gravitational singularity. The firmament crystallized far out in space while the Earth continued to contract, so an expanse opened up below the firmament causing dissolved gasses to come out of solution.
Hebrew Gravity Concepts
The singularity made the waters of the deep contract and become spherical, the heaviest elements and molecules sinking deeper towards the center, displacing the lighter forms outward and establishing concentric rings of density. There are several Hebrew gravity concepts that occur in scripture at precisely the right moment in our narrative.
Hebrew Gravity Concepts
|He hath established||מֵכִ֥ין||mechin||Jer. 10:12, 51:15||2/4|
|Setteth fast||מֵכִ֥ין||mechin||Psalms 65:6||2/4|
|Thereof fastened||טָבַע||taba||Job 38:4||2/3|
|They sank||וְצַלְמָֽוֶת||tsalmaveth||Exodus 15:10||2/5|
|To sink, sank||יִמַּ֣ךְ||makak||Ec. 10:18||2/4|
|Were settled||טָבַע||taba||Proverbs 8:25||2/3|
- Call upon the name of Jesus Christ,
- believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead,
- confess your sin.
We would expect that the geological sequence which results from this model to start with basal metamorphic rock that has no fossils of any kind. These precipitated out of solution and were deposited in concentric layers. Photosynthesis was taking place during the first day, so there was dissolved oxygen and other gasses present. As such there were many kinds of chemical reactions taking place, including the combination of iron (Fe2+) with Oxygen (O2-) to form iron oxides. A structuring, or stratification, of the atomic, molecular and cellular forms which God made on the first day.
A space opened below the firmament as the Earth continued to contract and become more dense. This gives us the synchronicity between the deposition of iron-rich oxides, microbes with sulfur-based metabolism, and the formation of an oxygen-rich atmosphere. And just so that you don’t think that we are pulling this stuff out of thin air:
Earth’s rocky core formed first, with heavy elements colliding and binding together. Dense material sank to the center, while the lighter material created the crust. The planet’s magnetic field probably formed around this time. Gravity captured some of the gases that made up the planet’s early atmosphere.– The Core Accretion Model (SPACE.com)
At the circle of the firmament, a series of layers of light compounds crystallized into a rigid structure that formed a protective shell around the creation. The expanse referred to by the word raqia, is horizontal in the sense of a vast thin sheet of material, like a wall, forming a solid barrier between the waters below and the waters above. A rigid crystalline firmament solves a lot of nagging scriptural issues.
And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.(Daniel 12:3) KJV
This model provides us with a source of light for the second and third days of creation (the firmament). It also provides a source of material for the formation of the stars and planets on the fourth day. It’s the beginning of the three heavens described in scripture:
The Three Heavens
- Open firmament, atmosphere or sky where birds fly,
- celestial realm, cosmos, observable universe or space where the stars are set in their courses,
- firmament, sea of glass or heliopause the location of God’s throne.