But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.(Genesis 2:17) KJV
We resolve the apparent conflict between what God said would happen to Adam, vs. what actually happened to Adam, when he ate the fruit of the tree of knowledge.
These two things are congruent when we combine a direct literal translation of the Hebrew with a knowledge of the biological processes called senescence.
Senescence (/sɪˈnɛsəns/) or biological aging is the gradual deterioration of functional characteristics. The word senescence can refer either to cellular senescence or to senescence of the whole organism. Organismal senescence involves an increase in death rates and/or a decrease in fecundity with increasing age, at least in the latter part of an organism’s life cycle.– Senescence, definition (Wikipedia)
A literal rendering of the Hebrew “surely die,” is “dying you shall die.” Which is saying that “for the rest of your life you’ll be dying.” This is the condition which we’re in, and it’s biological senescence. In the Biblical context, up until the fall of man in Genesis 3 there was no senescence.
but from the tree of knowing good and evil not thou shall eat from it; for in the day of thy eating from it dying thou shalt die(Genesis 2:17) interlinear