Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee.(Isaiah 47:13) KJV
Newton’s bold guess was that gravity is a property of mass. However, the proportional relationship between mass and gravity only measures the observed effect of gravity, it doesn’t reveal its cause.
A particle attracts every other particle in the universe using a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
This is a general physical law derived from empirical observations by what Isaac Newton called induction.– Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation
We all have the same evidence. Our choice of paradigm determines what we think it’s evidence of.– Matty’s Razor
When atheist science trolls (ASTs) demand proof of God the answer is simple: the universe is proof of God. ASTs respond by saying that there’s no proof that the universe needs a cause; existence of the universe is evidence of the universe not causation; something along those lines. Newton’s explanation for gravity is the same thing, gravity has no cause it just is, but it’s the assumption that lies at the very heart of physics.
That’s not the only conceptual hack job that Newton is responsible for. His law of universal gravitation is used with Kepler’s third law of planetary motion to calculate the mass of the sun. The hack here is that the sun is either more massive than the Earth or less massive than the Earth depending on if you a priori assume heliocentricity or Geocentrosphericity. It’s not proof of heliocentricity.
- Assuming heliocentricity
- the mass of the sun is 1.9E+30 kg
- Assuming Geocentrosphericity
- the mass of the sun is 1.9E+19 kg
The difference between them is the factor 9.87E-12. Matty’s Constant.
Faith is believing in something that you can’t see, because of evidence.– Faith, definition
The following proposition is cited as Newton’s proof of heliocentricity but it suffers from the same problem as the calculation of the mass of the sun: it’s a rationalization of the premise of heliocentricity, it’s not proof of anything. The irony is that all of the observations involved were made from the Earth, so the entire thing is inherently and empirically Geocentrospheric.
As the planet is differently situated in these conjunctions, its eccentricity is sometimes augmented, sometimes diminished; its aphelion is sometimes carried forward, sometimes backward, and its mean motion is by turns accelerated and retarded; yet the whole error in its motion about the sun, though arising from so great a force, may be almost avoided (except in the mean motion) by placing the lower focus of its orbit in the common centre of gravity of Jupiter and the sun (according to Prop. LXVII, Book I), and therefore that error, when it is greatest, scarcely exceeds two minutes; and the greatest error in the mean motion scarcely exceeds two minutes yearly.Sir Isaac Newton, Principia Mathematica PROPOSITION XIII. THEOREM XIII
Quoted in Newton & Kepler: Effect & Cause
- Call upon the name of Jesus Christ,
- believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead,
- confess your sin.
Here’s Newton’s rationalization of the fact that we don’t know any of the absolute values of the mass of planetary bodies, all we have are relative values based on our premise (either heliocentricity or Geocentrosphericity).
And if the meaning of words is to be determined by their use, then by the names time, space, place and motion, their measures are properly to be understood; and the expression will be unusual, and purely mathematical, if the measured quantities themselves were meant. Upon which account, they do strain the sacred writing, who there interpret those words for the measured quantities.– Sir Isaac Newton, Principia Mathematica p. 81-82
Wherefore relative quantities are not the quantities themselves, whose names they bear, but those sensible measures of them (either accurate or inaccurate), which are commonly used instead of the measured quantities themselves.– Sir Isaac Newton, Principia Mathematica p. 82
And here’s Newton’s speculation that the fixed stars maintain their positions because there is a large body, the firmament, beyond them which can’t be detected from the Earth.
It is a property of rest, that bodies really at rest do rest in respect to one another. And therefore as it is possible, that in the remote regions of the fixed stars, or perhaps far beyond them, there may be some body absolutely at rest; but impossible to know, from the position of bodies to one another in our regions whether any of these do keep the same position to that remote body; it follows that absolute rest cannot be determined from the position of bodies in our regions.– Sir Isaac Newton, Principia Mathematica p. 85
We’re designating Sir Albert Einstein as being the first hacker, because that’s all he really did.