Evidence for the Decay Constant

But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

(2 Peter 3:8) KJV

The evidence that nuclear decay has been constant are measurements of radioactivity which have been made since it was discovered in 1896, about 120 years worth of data.

This is a statistically insignificant sample size from which to extrapolate the age of the Earth to be 4.6 billion years. Not to be outdone the popular science community has rallied around the critical significance of the decay constant to conjure up one of the most complex schemes of inductive, reductive circular reasoning ever devised. It involves stellar spectroscopy, among other things.

Supernovae are known to produce a large quantity of radioactive isotopes (Nomoto et al. 1997a, 1997b; Thielemann et al. 1998). These isotopes produce gamma rays with frequencies and fading rates that are predictable according to present decay rates. These predictions hold for supernova SN1987A, which is 169,000 light-years away (Knödlseder 2000). Therefore, radioactive decay rates were not significantly different 169,000 years ago. Present decay rates are likewise consistent with observations of the gamma rays and fading rates of supernova SN1991T, which is sixty million light-years away (Prantzos 1999), and with fading rate observations of supernovae billions of light-years away (Perlmutter et al. 1998).

– Talk Origins Claim CF210

Inductive Reductive Circular Reasoning

  • By assuming heliocentricity we can use stellar parallax to confirm heliocentricity.
  • We also assume that stars are distant suns and galaxies (synonymy).
  • By assuming that stars are distant suns we can use the assumption of heliocentricity to calculate vastly inflated distances to them.
  • The vastly inflated distances may be used with stellar spectroscopy to support the assumption of an ancient Earth (needed for biological evolution) as follows:
    1. spectra show that radioisotope ratios in stars match the ratios we measure on Earth,
    2. by assuming that the light has traveled for billions of years across the distances contrived by assuming heliocentricity,
    3. this supports the assumption that the rate of nuclear decay has been constant for billions of years.

It’s clever but moot. A phenomenon known as gravitational time dilation (GTD) solves this problem. If gravity is a field emitted from the center of the Earth then time passes more quickly the further you are from it. This is the Donkey’s Jawbone.

The Donkey’s Jawbone

  • At the center of the Earth time isn’t passing.
  • At a radial distance of 6,371 km (surface of Earth) a day is 24 hours.
  • At the distance of the firmament (remote regions of the cosmos) 24 hours on Earth is 1,000 years.

The Donkey’s Jawbone gives us Matty’s Paradox, the ramifications of GTD.

Matty’s Paradox

  • IF 1,000 years has passed for each day on Earth since the 2nd day,
    • AND the Earth is about 6,000 years old.
  • THEN a minimum of 2.19 billion years has passed at the radial distance of the firmament (the remote regions of the cosmos) in the same period of time.

A day is a cycle from night to day to night. Time as we experience it has only been measurable since gravity was created on the second day. This means that the period before creation began and the first day are an unknown period of time. It’s still a day because the creation went from dark to light to dark, but there’s no way to know how much time elapsed. As such, it’s possible for the Earth to be 6,000 years old while the remote regions of the cosmos are 13.8 billion years old, or more, at the same time.

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