Aberration of Starlight

It took a thousand years and all kinds of speculation and wrangling to come up with actual proof that the earth is rotating in an orbit around the sun. That’s the rhetoric you are supposed to believe.

Supposedly, the aberration of starlight is the experimental evidence that gave the heliocentric theory a solid scientific footing.

A common analogy is to consider the apparent direction of falling rain. If rain is falling vertically in the frame of reference of a person standing still, then to a person moving forwards the rain will appear to arrive at an angle, requiring the moving observer to tilt their umbrella forwards. The faster the observer moves, the more tilt is needed.

As light propagates down the telescope, the telescope moves requiring a tilt to the telescope that depends on the speed of light. The apparent angle of the star φ differs from its true angle θ.

The issue is quite simply resolved as a matter of relative motion. However, the popular science explanation of the phenomenon is an example of an inductive rationalization of evidence to fit a premise, it is not a conclusion which may be deduced and it doesn’t take into account other possible causes.

it doesn’t take into account either gravitational lensing or gravitational time dilation.

Gravitational Lensing

Gravitational lensing is usually thought of in terms of the observed bending of light around a gravitational body such as the sun. This is Einstein’s Mirage, where circumstantial evidence is taken as proof of relativity: Einstein’s prediction that gravity bends space. However, we don’t observe the bending of space, we observe the bending of light. The largest source of gravity in the universe is the singularity at the center of the earth. How would gravitational lensing affect the path of light if the effect is stronger the closer to the earth the light gets?

Gravitational Time Dilation

Gravitational time dilation is the phenomenon that time passes more slowly the closer you are to a source of gravity. The only empirical frame of reference we have to measure this from is the earth. It’s something we have to correct for to maintain the accuracy of the GPS Navigation system.

At an orbital radius of 26,541 km above the center of the earth time passes faster on GPS satellites by 38,640 nanoseconds per day.

– GPS Time Dilation

If light speed is constant, but time isn’t, then it should appear that light travels faster the closer it gets to earth because time passes more slowly. Theoretically, light should speed up as it falls to earth. This gives us a way to resolve our aberration of light conundrum, but it also raises the question: is the speed of light variable?

Let’s remind ourselves of our definition of gravity:

Gravity (A) is a field emitted from a created instance (a singularity) which causes a body to have attractive force (p) proportional to its mass and inversely proportional to the square of its distance from the source (pG).

G is the gravitational constant. This is a general physical law derived from empirical observations by using deduction.

– Matty’s Law of Biblical Gravitation

If gravity is affecting time in a way that is proportional to the distance from the source then we can expand our definition.

Gravitational time dilation is caused by a field emitted from the singularity at the center of the Earth which causes time to pass more quickly in proportion to the square of the distance from the source.

– Gravitational Time Dilation, definition

I thought I’d throw in the inverse square law just to be on the safe side. If light is also affected because of our perception of the passage of time then we need to expand the definition again.

If time passes more slowly the closer we are to a source of gravity, but light speed is constant, we will perceive light speed as variable because the passage of time is changing. If we can’t measure any variation in the speed of light, but we can measure variation in the passage of time, then light speed is variable and proportional to gravity.

This becomes very similar to how relative motion works. We can’t actually prove if the earth is stationary and the cosmos rotates or if the cosmos is stationary and the earth rotates. It’s dependent on our frame of reference.

The relationships we have to resolve are between gravity, time and light.

So let’s think about time. Gravity was created on the 2nd day but time was already passing. Or was it? Before creation began God existed as a Trinity which included the body of water known as the deep. Presumably time existed but was it passing in a linear sequence as we observe it? On the 1st day God said let there be light. Light existed before gravity. We have deduced that light was generated by the process of nucleosynthesis, which is a strictly sequential ordering of matter and energy based on using Hydrogen atoms to construct the periodic table. Time was definitely passing and it was linear.

A day passed. The time it took to complete the process was the amount of time that God chose to call a day. God created gravity on the 2nd day, firstly to begin the process of separating light from darkness, but we have now deduced a secondary purpose: to permanently establish the length of day as directly proportional to the gravitation field he created. Gravity maintains consistency in the passage of time on earth.

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