Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.(Galatians 5:1) KJV
Cladistic phylogenetic analysis works by grouping species based on shared derived characteristics (synapomorphies). All of the members of a homologous group have a common ancestor. In this way it’s possible to develop a phylogenetic tree.
In order to carry our our cladistic phylogenetic analysis and generate a phylogenetic tree that shows the ancestral relationships the physical characteristics of, say fossil human skulls, have to be encoded as a character state matrix. The matrix is binary, so all of the characters have to be encoded as either 0 or 1. 0 is used to code the primitive, or ancestral state. 1 is used to code the advanced, or derived state.
The question is: how do you decide which character state is primitive and which is advanced? This is where we see circular reasoning: Choosing what’s primitive and what’s advanced depends of what you’ve chosen to believe about the origin of humanity.
In the Evolution narrative a Neanderthal has many primitive characteristics compared to H. sapiens, because we decided that the Neanderthal is primitive. That’s how we code our matrix. H neanderthal gets all of its character states coded as 0, H. sapiens gets its character states coded as 1. The computer gives an experimental result that shows that the Neanderthal is primitive, and H. sapiens is advanced. The phylogenetic tree is a restatement of the premise that we used to code the character states. Circular reasoning.
In the creation narrative H. sapiens is the created state. For the purposes of analysis it is primitive, the Neanderthal, and the many other forms of “less-advanced sub-humans” are derived from it by the process of devolution. As a result, our character state matrix it is the exact opposite of the one in the Evolution narrative.
Popular science (SciPop) isn’t proving anything about the origin of humanity, it’s crafting a scientific-looking narrative of godless existence. This should illustrate for you that even the most rigorous “scientific” methodology is completely subject to personal bias. Incidentally, this is what brought my graduate studies to an abrupt end.
Cladistic phylogenetic analysis is circular reasoning based on personal bias.
Evolution – Navigation
|2||The Role of Evolution||2 Corinthians 6:3|
|2.1||Evolution or Jesus?||Genesis 2:15-17|
|3||Evidence for Evolution||Acts 2:19|
|3.1||Evolution Needs a New Name: Devolution||1 Corinthians 1:9|
|3.2||Creation vs. Evolution?||Romans 5:12|
|3.3||Evolution isn’t a Lie||2 Thessalonians 2:9-12|
|3.4||I Want to Free Your Mind||Romans 8:2|
|4||Experimentation and Evolution||Daniel 5:11|
|4.1||Primitive or Advanced?||Galatians 5:1|
|4.2||Evidence is Irrelevant||2 Thessalonians 1:5|
|5||The Narrative of Evolution||1 Timothy 6:20|
|5.1||Peer Review is Beyond Irrelevant||Romans 13:11|
Evolution isn’t the problem that Christian theologians have made it.