One of a row, a letter (of the alphabet): στοιχεῖα – stoixeion

But the Day of the Lord will come like a thief. On that Day the heavens will disappear with a shrill noise, the heavenly bodies will burn up and be destroyed, and the earth with everything in it will vanish. Since all these things will be destroyed in this way, what kind of people should you be? Your lives should be holy and dedicated to God, as you wait for the Day of God and do your best to make it come soon—the Day when the heavens will burn up and be destroyed, and the heavenly bodies will be melted by the heat. But we wait for what God has promised: new heavens and a new earth, where righteousness will be at home.

(2 Peter 3:10-13) Good News Translation

Stoixeíon is translated as rudiments, principles or elements. It’s the origin of the word stoichiometry, a term with specific meaning in physics and chemistry. The periodic table of elements is an example of stoichiometry.

One of a row, a letter (of the alphabet): στοιχεῖα – stoicheia

  • one of a row, a letter (of the alphabet), the elements (of knowledge)
    • (a) plur: the heavenly bodies,
    • (b) a rudiment, an element, a rudimentary principle, an elementary rule.
  • properly, fundamentals, like with the basic components of a philosophy, structure, etc.; (figuratively) “first principles,” like the basic fundamentals of Christianity.

The RSV however renders stoixeia as “elemental spirits,” i.e. spiritual powers or “cosmic spirits” (DNTT, 2, 828). This views 4747 /stoixeíon (“elements”) as ancient astral beings associated with the very beginning (make-up) of the earth.]

Stoichiometry is

1: a branch of chemistry that deals with the application of the laws of definite proportions and of the conservation of mass and energy to chemical activity.

2 a : the quantitative relationship between constituents in a chemical substance; b : the quantitative relationship between two or more substances especially in processes involving physical or chemical change

– Stoichiometry, definition

December 2nd – I Make all Things New

Revelation 21 and 22 tell us about a type of Gold which is transparent like glass. We can use deductive reasoning to discern that it has a nuclei which consists of 10 ΩOxygen atoms.


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