Newton’s Firmament

Thus says the Lord, who gives the sun for light by day and the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar— the Lord of hosts is his name:

“If this fixed order departs from before me, declares the Lord, then shall the offspring of Israel cease from being a nation before me forever.”

(Jeremiah 31:35-36) ESV

“And therefore as it is possible, that in the remote regions of the fixed stars, or perhaps far beyond them, there may be some body absolutely at rest; but impossible to know…” Sir Isaac Newton speculating about the firmament.

One of the main objections to Geocentric systems of any kind is stated below:

Standard Objection to Geocentric Models

  • IF the Earth is at the center of creation,
    • AND the cosmos orbits the earth every 24 hours,
  • THEN any planetary body past the orbit of Neptune will be traveling faster than the speed of light.

We now have two ways in which we deal with this issue:

  1. Bodies at rest,
  2. Gravitational time dilation.

We all have the same evidence. Our choice of paradigm determines what we think it’s evidence of.

Matty’s Razor

Bodies at Rest

It is a property of rest, that bodies really at rest do rest in respect to one another. And therefore as it is possible, that in the remote regions of the fixed stars, or perhaps far beyond them, there may be some body absolutely at rest; but impossible to know, from the position of bodies to one another in our regions whether any of these do keep the same position to that remote body; it follows that absolute rest cannot be determined from the position of bodies in our regions.

– Sir Isaac Newton, Principia Mathematica p. 85

The gravitational field of the Earth acts on the body of the firmament causing it to have attractive force. This force maintains the stars in their courses. This is the missing 90% of the mass of the universe which mainstream science (SciPop) very helpfully, has predicted must exist. It’s the brightly shining wall on the edge of space as detected by the Voyagers and New Horizons space missions.

The distant planetary bodies are in proximity to the firmament with regards to which they are at rest. Newton was aware of this possibility and it’s stated in his Principia Mathematica.

Faith is believing in something that you can’t see, because of evidence.

– Faith, definition

Gravitational Time Dilation

The singularity at the center of Earth is the source of gravity for the whole universe. Time passes more quickly the further away from it that you go. This is an empirical observation which has practical significance called gravitational time dilation (GTD).

At the exact center of the Earth time isn’t passing. That’s what a singularity does: stops time. On Earth’s surface one day is approximately 24 hours. This is the equivalent of 1,000 years at the radial distance of the firmament. However it also works in the opposite direction: 1,000 years at the surface of the Earth is the equivalent of 1 day at a calculable depth in the interior of the Earth. This is Hypothesis 15.

Time passes more quickly in proportion to a body’s distance from the center of the Earth. Bodies in the cosmos must have their apparent orbital velocity divided by the time dilation factor of their orbital radius.


A spherical Earth is at the center of a spherical cosmos and it’s the source of the gravitational field for the universe. This is the empirical basis of the Geocentrospheric cosmological system.

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