So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the earth, shall shake at my presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.(Ezekiel 38:20) KJV
In the book of Jonah it’s said that the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. In the book of Matthew, Jesus describes Jonah spending three days and three nights in the belly of a whale. Is this a problem?
It depends on whether you’re using phylogenetic or spherogenetic systematics. It’s a problem in phylogenetic systematics because a whale is a mammal and mammals aren’t fish. However, phylogenetic means to be based on the passage of heritable traits to successive generations of offspring. There were no offspring during creation.
We all have the same evidence. Our choice of paradigm determines what we think it’s evidence of.– Matty’s Razor
In the case of Jonah’s fish/whale the resolution is very simple. It was both a fish and a whale. The broad divisions of the spherogenetic classification system are stated above by Ezekiel. Three major groupings are mentioned here which correspond to the three terrestrial spheres, and they’re in the correct sequence of creation:
- fishes of the sea (everything in the sea).
- fowls of heaven (everything that flies).
- beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the Earth.
Can we construct a character state matrix based on spherogenetic criterion? This would generate a tree of relationships of the living organisms that’s not based on genetics, but is based on the plan of creation. What could we possibly learn from doing it? We won’t know until we try it.