Physical Structures

Any attempt to harmonize the Bible with reality has to incorporate all of the physical structures of the earth that are mentioned in scripture, things like the pillars of the earth and the ends of the earth. They have to be resolved with what we can see around us, or infer from various forms of evidence.

It can be shown that each of the following is a specific physical structure and each structure can be defined. Everything listed here has been incorporated into the spherical hollow earth model (SHEM).

Heaven, Biblical Features

First Heaven
UsageTransliterationScripturePost
Open firmamentGen. 1:202/19
SkyouranosMat. 16:2
Second Heaven
UsageTransliterationScripturePost
Midst of heavenJosh. 10:13
Third Heaven
UsageTransliterationScripturePost
Body of heavenetsemEx. 24:10
Firmament of heavenraqiaGen. 1:8-202/9
Foundations of heaven2 Sam. 22:84/2
Paved work of sapphire stoneEx. 24:104/2
Pillars of heavenJob 26:11
Sea of glassRev. 4:6, 15:24/2
Third heaven2 Cor. 12:22/16
Waters above the firmamentGen. 1:6-82/19
Windows from on highIsa. 24:18
Windows of heavenGen. 7:11, 8:24/22

Biblical Features of the Crust and Surface

UsageTransliterationScripturePost
Coasts of the earthyerekah eretsJeremiah 25:323/12
Corners of the earth3/12
Dry landyabbashahGenesis 1:9-103/3
EartheretsGenesis 1:103/13
Earth above the waterseretsPsalms 136:63/6
Eden, East of EdenedenGenesis 2:8-15; 3:233/4
Ends of the earthqatsah eretsJob 28:243/12
Face of the worldpaneh tebelIsaiah 14:21
Farthest parts of the earthyerekah eretsJeremiah 25:323/12
Fountains of the great deepmayanahGenesis 7:113/6
GravesheolPsalms 30:33/13
GroundadamahGenesis 3:233/13
Heads (headwaters)roshGenesis 2:103/4
Highest partroshProverbs 8:263/4
Sea
Sides of the earthyerekah eretsJeremiah 6:223/12
Waterspouts (waterfalls)tsinnuwrPsalms 42:73/5
WorldtebelProverbs 8:26; 313/13
– Physical features of the Crust in Scripture.

Biblical Features of the Mantle

UsageTransliterationScriptureMarch
Post
Abraham’s BosomkolposLuke 16:2216
Belly of hellmibbeten sheolJonah 2:216
Bottoms of the mountainsqetseb harJonah 2:616
Chambers of deathchadrei mavethProverbs 7:27
Foundations of the hillsmowcadar harPsalms 18:717
Foundations of the mountainsmowcadar harDeut. 32:2217
Foundations of the worldmowcadah tebelPsalms 18:1517
GravesheolEzekiel 31:1619
Lower parts of the Earthtachti eretsEzekiel 32:2418
Midst of helltavek sheolEzekiel 32:2119
Nether parts of the Eartherets tachtiEzekiel 26:2018
Sides of the pityerekah bowrEzekiel 32:2120
– Physical features of the Mantle in Scripture

Biblical Features of the Great Gulf

UsageTransliterationScriptureWHY?
Post
Bars of the eartherets beriachJonah 2:621
Bars of the pitbad sheolJob 17:1621
Beams of his chambersqarah mayim aliyyahPsalms 104:321
Great deep, depthstehomProverbs 8:2422
Great gulfchasma megaLuke 16:2621
Pillars of the earthmatsuq erets1 Samuel 2:821
Waters under the earthmayim tachath eretsDeuteronomy 5:822
– Physical features of the Great Gulf (Outer Core) in Scripture

Biblical Features of the Core

UsageTransliterationScripturePost
Bottomless pitphrear tes abyssouRevelation 9:1-23/29
Foundations of the earthmowcadar eretsJeremiah 31:372/10
HellhadesLuke 16:263/29
Helltartarus2 Peter 2:43/29
Hell belowsheol tachathIsaiah 14:93/27
Hell firegehenna pyrosMatthew 5:223/29
Lowest hellsheol tachtiDeuteronomy 32:223/27
Lowest parts of the earthtachti eretsPsalms 139:156/7
Pitbowr, shachathIsaiah 38:183/26
Pit of corruptionmissahat beliIsaiah 38:173/26
– Physical features of the Core in Scripture.